Social or Cognitive or Both? Crucial Dysfunctions in Autism

  • Lynn Waterhouse
  • Deborah Fein


Although the word “autism” means social withdrawal, and although the syndrome of autism is defined with social withdrawal as a core deficit, the nature of social withdrawal in autism has yet to be clearly understood. What has become clear is that the social impairment is much more complex and more various than can be adequetely summed up by the behavioral label of “social withdrawal” (Wmg, 1981).


Social Behavior Autistic Child Joint Attention Social Withdrawal Social Impairment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baron-Cohen, S. (1988). Social and pragmatic deficits in autism: cognitive or affective? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 18, 379–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A. M., and Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind?”. Cognition, 21, 37–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Courchesne, E., Lincoln, A. J., Kilman, B. A., and Galambos, R (1985). Event-related brain potential correlates of the processing of novel visual and auditory information in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 15, 55–76.Google Scholar
  4. Dawson, G., Finley, C., Philipps, S., Galpert, L., and Lewy, A. (1989). Reduced P3 amplitude of the event-related brain potential: its relation to language ability in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 18, 493–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fein, D. (1987). Social functioning in the autistic child. The League School Symposium, Boston, May 1987.Google Scholar
  6. Folstein, S. E., and Rutter, M. L. (1988). Autism: familial aggregation and genetic implications. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 18, 3–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hauser, S. L., De Long, G. R., and Rosman, P. (1975). Pneumographic findings in the infantile autism syndrome. Brain, 98, 677–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Heltzer, B. E., and Griffin, J. L. (1981). Infantile autism and the temporal lobe of the brain. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 11, 317–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Loveland, K., and Landry, S. (1986). Joint attention and language in autism and developmental language delay. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 16, 335–349.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Panksepp, J., and Sahley, T. L. (1987). Possible brain opioid involvement in disrupted social intent and language development of autism. In E. Schopler and G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), Neurobiological Issues in Autism. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  11. Ungerer, J., and Sigman, M. (1981). Symbolic play and language comprehension in autistic children. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 20, 318–337.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Waterhouse, L. (1988). Aspects of the evolutionary history of human social behavior. In L. Wing, (Ed.), The Biological Aspects of Autism. London: British Society for Psychiatry.Google Scholar
  13. Waterhouse, L., Wing, L., and Fein, D. (1989). Reevaluating the syndrome of autism in the light of empirical evidence. In G. Dawson and S. Segalowitz (Eds.), Autism: The State of the Field. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  14. Wing, L. (1981). Language, social and cognitive impairments in autism and severe mental retardation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 11, 31–44.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lynn Waterhouse
  • Deborah Fein

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations