The Nature of Behavioral Treatment and Research with Young Autistic Persons

  • Ivar Lovaas
  • Katherine Calouri
  • Jacqueline Jada


This chapter discusses some of the main research and theoretical perspectives of the behavioral treatment of autistic persons. Treatment of young autistic children will be emphasized.


Behavioral Treatment Autistic Child Intellectual Functioning Vineland Adaptive Behavior Psychological Corporation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd revised ed.). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Andersson, S. R, & Avery, D. (1986, May). Home-based training for families with preschool-aged autistic children. In Parent training: Models and evaluation of outcome. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Association of Mental Deficiency, Denver, CO.Google Scholar
  4. Bayley, N. (1969). Bayley scales of infant development. New York: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  5. Cattell, P. (1960). The measurement of intelligence of infants and young children. New York: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  6. DeMyer, M. K., Hingtgen, J. N., & Jackson, R K. (1981). Infantile autism reviewed: A decade of research. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 7, 388–451.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Doll, E. A. (1953). The measurement of social competence. Minneapolis, MN: Minneapolis Educational Test Bureau.Google Scholar
  8. Ferster, C. B. (1961). Positive reinforcement and behavioral deficits of autistic children Child Developmen4 32,437–456. Google Scholar
  9. Gesell, A. (1949). Gesell developmental schedules. New York: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  10. Hewett, F. J. (1965). Teaching speech to an autistic child through operant conditioning. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 35, 927–936.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Huttenlocher, P. R. (1984). Synapse elimination and plasticity in developing human cerebral cortex. American Journal of Mental Deficiencies, 88, 488–496.Google Scholar
  12. Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous CI,;7 4 2,181–197. Kazdin, A. E. (1984). Behavior modification in applied settings. Chicago, IL: The Dorsey Press.Google Scholar
  13. Lovaas, O. I. (1971). Certain comparisons between psychodynamic and behavioristic approaches to treatment. Psychoterapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 8, 175178.Google Scholar
  14. Lovaas, O. I. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 3–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lovaas, O. I. (1988). Behavioral Treatment of Autistic Children. Distributed by: Focus International, 14, Oregon Drive, Huntington Station, NY.Google Scholar
  16. Lovaas, OA, Ackerman, A. B., Alexander, D., Firestone, P., Perkins, J., & Young, D. B. (1980). Teaching developmentally disabled children: The ME Book. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.Google Scholar
  17. Lovaas, O. I., Berberich, J. P., Perloff, B. F., & Schaeffer, B. (1966). Acquisition of imitative speech by schizophrenic children. Science, 151, 705–707.Google Scholar
  18. Lovaas, O. I., Koegel, R. L., Simmons, J. Q., & Long, J. S. (1973). Some generalization and follow-up measures on autistic children in behavior therapy. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 6, 131–165.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lovaas, O. I., & Smith, T. (1988). Intensive behavioral treatment in young autistic children. In B. B. Lahey & A. E. Kazdin (Eds.), Advances in Clinical Child Psychology. Vol. H (pp 285–324 ). New York, NY: Plenum Publishing Corporation.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lovaas, O. I., & Smith, T. (1989). An inductive behavioral theory of autism: A paradigm for research and treatment. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 2Q 17–29.Google Scholar
  21. Lovaas, O. I., Smith, T., & McEachin, J. J. (1989). Clarifying comments on the young autism study: Reply to Schopler, Short, and Mesibov. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 165–167.Google Scholar
  22. Martin, G., & Pear, J. (1988). Behavior modification: What it is and how to do it. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  23. McEachin, J. J. (1987). Outcome of autistic children receiving intensive behavioral treatment: Residual deficits. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.Google Scholar
  24. Risley, T., & Wolf, M. N. (1967). Establishing functional speech in echolalic children. Behavior Research and Therapy, 5, 73–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rutter, M. (1978). Diagnosis and defmition. In M. Rutter & E. Schopler (Eds.), Autism: A reappraisal of concepts and treatment (pp 1–25 ). New York, NY: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  26. Schopler, E. (1987). Specific and nonspecific factors in the effectiveness of a treatment system. American Psychologist, 42, 376–383.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schopler, E., & Mesibov, G. B. (1988). Introduction to diagnosis and assessment of autism. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), Diagnosis and Assessment in Autism (pp 3–14 ). New York, NY: Plenum Publishing Corporation.Google Scholar
  28. Schopler, E., Short, A., & Mesibov, G. B. (1989). Relation of behavioral treatment to “normal functioning”: Comment on Lovaas. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 162–164.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sirevaag, A. M., & Greenough, W. T. (1987). Differential rearing effects on rat visual cortex synapses. III. Neuronal and glial nuclei, boutons, dendrites, and capillaries. Brain Research, 424, 320–332.Google Scholar
  30. Sparrow, S. S., Bella, D. A., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.Google Scholar
  31. Strain, P. S., Jamieson, B. J., & Hoyson, M. H. (1985). Learning experiences… an alternative for preschoolers and parents: A comprehensive service system for the mainstreaming of autistic-like preschoolers. In C. J. Meisel (Ed.), Mainstreamed handicapped children: Outcomes, controversies, and new directions (pp 251269 ). Hilldale, New Jersey: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  32. Thomdike, R. L. (1972). Manual for Stanford-Binet intelligence scale. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  33. Wechsler, D. (1974). Manual for the Wechsler intelligence scale for children -revised. New York: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  34. Weinberg, R A. (1989). Intelligence and IQ: Landmark issues and great debates. American Psychologist, 44, 98–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Werry, J. S., & Wollersheim, J. P. (1989). Behavior therapy with children and adolescents: A twenty-year overview. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28, 1–18.Google Scholar
  36. Wirt, R. D., Seat, P. D., Broen, W. E., & Lachar, D. (1981). Personality inventory for children. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  37. Wolf, M. M., Risley, T., & Mees, H. (1964). Application of operant conditioning procedures to the behavior problems of an autistic child. Behavior Research and Therapy, 1, 305–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wolpe, J. (1958). Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivar Lovaas
  • Katherine Calouri
  • Jacqueline Jada

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations