Urolithiasis pp 275-276 | Cite as

Bacterial Ecology in Struvite Calculogenesis

  • J. C. Nickel


The bacteria associated with struvite stones provide for a more etiologically-important part of infection-stone calculogenesis than just providing the alkaline environment required for crystallization.


Kidney Stone Proteus Mirabilis Continuous Flow Reactor Stone Matrix Struvite Stone 
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    RJC McLean, KJ Cheng, WD Gould, JC Nickel, and JW Costerton, Histochemical and biochemical urease localization in the periplasm and outer membrane of two Proteus mirabilis strains, Can. J. Microbiol. 32: 772 (1986).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Nickel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

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