The high protein diet consumed by most Western people generates about 60–100 meq of non-volatile acid daily. For homeostasis to be preserved, this acid must be excreted by the kidney. When acid from metabolism (HR) is added to the circulation, it is buffered according to the following reaction:
$$HR + \,NaHCO_3 \to \,NaR + H_2 O + CO_2 $$
KeywordsRenal Tubular Acidosis Bicarbonate Reabsorption Effective Arterial Blood Volume Alcoholic Ketoacidosis Electrogenic Proton Pump
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.MG Cogan and FJ Rector, Jr., Acid-base disorders, in: “The Kidney,” BM Brenner and FC Rector, Jr., eds., WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia (1986).Google Scholar
- 2.MA Knepper and MB Burg, Renal acid-base transport, in: “Diseases of the Kidney,” RW Schrier and CW Gottschalk, eds., Little, Brown and Co., Boston (1988).Google Scholar
© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989