Urolithiasis pp 1013-1015 | Cite as

Analyses of Kidney-Stone Fragments Recovered from Patients After Shock-Wave Lithotripsy

  • P.-T. Cheng
  • J. Richards


Since different stone compositions stem from different etiologies, successful prophylactive regimens to prevent stone recurrence depend on the definitive analyses of stones. In Toronto, Canada, analyses of kidney-stone fragments recovered from patients after extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) involve both X-ray diffraction (XRD) for crystal-phase identification, and analytical scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for elemental analyses and morphology.


Uric Acid Calcium Phosphate Urinary Stone Cartilage Calcification Stone Composition 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P.-T. Cheng
    • 1
  • J. Richards
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Pathology and Clinical Biochemistry and the Urolithiasis ProgramUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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