Urolithiasis pp 817-819 | Cite as

Alkali Citrate Versus Diet for Prevention of Calcium Urolithiasis

  • M. Butz
  • G. Schwab


Urolithiasis is a common recurrent disease with an increasing incidence in highly industrialized countries. In the Federal Republic of Germany, the incidence has increased from 0.46% in 1978 to 0.89% in 1984 (1), Thus, it is a challenge and task for the physician to reduce the high cost of illness and loss of patients’ productivity by attempting to prevent urolithiasis.


Primary Hyperparathyroidism Stone Formation Renal Tubular Acidosis Stone Recurrence Citrate Excretion 
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    W Vahlensieck, A Hesse, and RM Schaefer, Epidemiologische Studien zur Inzidenz und Prävalenzund Mortalität des Harnsteinleidens in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1979 und 1984, Fortschr. Urol. Nephrol. 15:1 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    M Butz and H-J Dulce, Enhancement of urinary citrate in oxalate stone formers by the intake of alkaline salts, in: “Urolithiasis, Basic and Clinical Research,” LH Smith, WG Robertson, and B Finlayson, eds., Plenum Press, New York (1981).Google Scholar
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    W Hauser, G Kunit, and J Frick, Longterm treatment with Oxalyt-C in recurrent Ca-Ox stone formers, Acta Medica: 291 (1988).Google Scholar
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    CYC Pak, Citrate and renal calculi, Mineral Electrolyte Metabolism 13: 257 (1987).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Butz
    • 1
  • G. Schwab
    • 1
  1. 1.Urologische AbteilungSt. Josefs-HospitalPaderbornGermany

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