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Urolithiasis pp 719-719 | Cite as

Chemical Composition of Renal Stones in Mosul

  • M. A. Ali
  • N. S. Allawi
  • R. S. Mohmed

Abstract

In 1684, Anton Von Hyden first described the structure of urinary calculi. The most common types of stones in most of the industrialized countries in present times are composed of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. A slight regional variation occurs in the relative proportion of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate stones, however. In Britain, the mixed type of stone is more common, while in the United States, pure oxalate stones are more frequently found. Racial variations are also considered to affect the geographical distribution of the disease. In regard to sex variations, adult males are more prone to present with kidney stones than are females.

Keywords

Calcium Phosphate Kidney Stone Calcium Oxalate Renal Stone Racial Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Ali
    • 1
    • 2
  • N. S. Allawi
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. S. Mohmed
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Health High Professional InstituteMosulIraq
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyCollege of MedicineMosulIraq

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