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Urolithiasis pp 717-718 | Cite as

Urinary Calcium Excretion in Saudi Arabia

  • V. R. Walker
  • N. Bissada
  • W. Qunibi
  • H. Hughes
  • S. Barkworth
  • G. Holbrow
  • R. Phillips
  • W. G. Robertson
  • R. G. G. Russell

Abstract

Urinary Ca excretion in Saudi Arabia is frequently reported as low when using Western values as a reference. We have observed this in an earlier study (1) as have others (2). Low dietary Ca intake, low vitamin D levels, loss of Ca in sweat, and a generally smaller body size in Saudi Arabia may all be contributing factors in this finding.

Keywords

Saudi Arabia Stone Former Small Body Size Sweat Loss King Faisal Specialist Hospital 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    WG Robertson, W Qunibi, H Hughes, VR Walker, SA Barkworth, JCY Tan, S Taher, and RGG Russell, Kidney Int. In press (1988).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    KA Hanash, N Bissada, and NJY Woodhouse, Urology 26:27 (1985).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    VR Walker and RAL Sutton, Clin. Sci. 66:193 (1984).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    VR Walker, RAL Sutton, N Bissada, H Hughes, S Louis, RGG Russell, and WG Robertson, in: this volume, p. 351.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T Verde, RJ Shephard, P Corey, and R Moore, J. Appl. Physiol. 53:1540 (1982).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    JP Sadji, Nutrition Reports Int. 34(4):673 (1986).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. R. Walker
    • 1
  • N. Bissada
    • 2
  • W. Qunibi
    • 3
  • H. Hughes
    • 1
  • S. Barkworth
    • 1
  • G. Holbrow
    • 1
  • R. Phillips
    • 1
  • W. G. Robertson
    • 1
  • R. G. G. Russell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological and Medical ResearchKing Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research CenterRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of UrologyKing Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research CenterRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of NephrologyKing Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research CenterRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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