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Urolithiasis pp 713-714 | Cite as

Chemical Composition of Urinary Stones in Jeddah: A Study of 441 Samples and a Proposed New Classification

  • A. O. Baghlaf
  • A. A. Al-Sibaai
  • R. E. Abdel-Halim
  • M. S. Al-Hadramy
  • S. Abdel-Wahab
  • A. W. Noorwali
  • A. Al-Waseef

Abstract

In the present study, the proposed classification of urinary stones is based on the% composition of ions in 441 stone samples subjected to wet chemical analysis for the determination of oxalate (1), phosphate (2), and urate (3). Calcium, Mg, and Na were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (4). Ammonia and carbonate (3) were analyzed qualitatively. In addition, elemental microanalytical determination of total nitrogen (N), carbon (C), and hydrogen (H) was carried out using modifications of the standard methods (5).

Keywords

Uric Acid Saudi Arabia Phosphate Content Urinary Stone Stone Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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    A Hesse and D Bach, in: “Urinary Stones: Clinical and Laboratory Aspects”, GA Rose, ed., MTP Press, Lancaster (1982).Google Scholar
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    AJ Cox, JE Harries, DWL Hukins, AP Kennedy, and TM Sutton, Br. J. Urol. 59:159 (1987).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. O. Baghlaf
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. A. Al-Sibaai
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. E. Abdel-Halim
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. S. Al-Hadramy
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Abdel-Wahab
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. W. Noorwali
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Al-Waseef
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Chemistry, Urology, MedicineKing Abdul-Aziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Clinical BiochemistryKing Abdul-Aziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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