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Urolithiasis pp 681-682 | Cite as

Prevalence of Distal Renal-Tubular Acidosis in Five Khon Kaen Villages

  • S. Nimmannit
  • S. Nilwarangkur
  • W. Susaengrat
  • S. Ong-Aj-Yooth
  • V. Vasuvattakul
  • P. Malasit

Abstract

Primary distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is a relatively rare disorder. Most of the earlier reports of this disorder were hereditary or drug-induced forms or occurred in association with auto-immune and hypergammaglobulinemic disorders (1, 2). However, our group has recently reported 113 cases of dRTA seen during a three-year-period at two provincial hospitals in the northeast region of Thailand (3). No obvious etiology, including immunological disorders, could be identified. The magnitude of the disorder in one geographical area prompted us to search for the true prevalence, etiology, and risk factors of dRTA. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of this disorder and its relation to renal stone disease in the northeast of Thailand.

Keywords

Renal Stone Northeast Region Renal Tubular Acidosis Provincial Hospital Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    OM Wrong and TQ Feest, The natural history of distal renal tubular acidosis, Contr. Nephrol. 21:137 (1980).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    RC Morris, Jr., Renal tubular acidosis, NEJM 304:418 (1981).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    S Nilwarangkur, S Nimmannit, V Chaovakul, W Susaengrat, S Ong-Aj-Yooth, and P Malasit, Endemic primary distal renal tubular acidosis in Thailand, submitted for publication (1988).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    TA Toftegaard Nielsen, A method of enzymatic determination of citrate in serum and urine, Scand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest. 36:513 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    O Wrong and JEF Davies, The excretion of acid in renal disease, Quart. J.Med. 28:259 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Nimmannit
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Nilwarangkur
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. Susaengrat
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Ong-Aj-Yooth
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. Vasuvattakul
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Malasit
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Renal Unit, Department of Medicine and Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj HospitalMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Khon Kaen HospitalThailand

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