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Urolithiasis pp 665-667 | Cite as

Epidemiology of Stone Disease in the United States as Discerned from a Stone-Risk Profile

  • J. A. Harvey
  • K. D. Hill
  • C. Y. C. Pak

Abstract

Epidemiologic surveys of nephrolithiasis have indicated that the southeastern United States is a region of relatively high stone incidence. This region has thus been designated the “stone belt” (1). Previous studies, however, lack comprehensive biochemical profile data on stoneforming patients in various regions to determine whether differences in metabolic and environmental risk factors account for the apparent high rate of stone formation in the stone belt.

Keywords

Uric Acid Stone Formation Environmental Risk Factor Calcium Oxalate Renal Stone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    RJ Holmes and MM Copian, A study of the geographic incidence of urolithiasis with consideration of etiological factors, J. Urol. 23:477 (1930).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    MJ Nicar, MC Hsu, T Johnson, and CYC Pak, The preservation of urine samples for determination of renal stone risk factors, Lab. Med. 18:382 (1987).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    CYC Pak, C Skurla, and J Harvey, Graphic display of urinary risk factors for renal stone formation, J. Urol. 134:867 (1985).PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    RH Flocks, Calcium and phosphorus excretion in the urine of patients with renal or ureteral calculi, JAMA 113:1466 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    CYC Pak, K Holt, and JE Zerwekh, Attenuation by monosodium urate of the inhibitory effect of glycosaminoglycans on calcium oxalate nucleation, Invest. Urol. 17:138 (1979).PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    NA Breslau, L Brinkley, KD Hill, and CYC Pak, Relationship of the role of animal protein-rich diet to kidney stone formation and calcium metabolismJ. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 66:140 (1988).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Harvey
    • 1
  • K. D. Hill
    • 1
  • C. Y. C. Pak
    • 1
  1. 1.Southwestern Medical Center at DallasUniversity of TexasDallasUSA

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