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Urolithiasis pp 333-334 | Cite as

Hypercalciuria and Hyperoxaluria in Stone Formers

  • P. P. Singh
  • A. K. Pendse
  • A. Ahmed

Abstract

Hypercalciuria and hyperoxaluria are the two major risk factors in urolithiasis. In India, the prevalence of stone disease is much higher in many areas, affecting about 6 subjects in 1000 population in the Udaipur region (1), Pendse et al. (2, 3) observed hypercalciuria and hyperoxaluria as predominant factors. Hypercalciuria is the most-common biochemical abnormality in patients with calcium urolithiasis (4). More recently, the role of oxalate in urolithiasis has been stressed and is thought to be more significant than hypercalciuria (5). In the present paper, we have studied calcium and oxalate excretion in normal subjects (NS) and stone formers (SF) in the Udaipur region.

Keywords

Normal Subject Stone Former Stone Disease Ureteral Stone Urine Oxalate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    PP Singh, AK Pendse, HN Mathur, R Kiran, V Rathore, and P Jhamaria, A field based study of prevalence of urinary tract stone in urban and rural population of Udaipur region, in: “IVth National Conference, U.S.O.I.”, p. 39 (1987).Google Scholar
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    AK Pendse, AK Shrivastava, JL Kumawat, HS Sharma, R Ghosh, A Goyal, and PP Singh, Incidence and chemical composition of stones and urinary profile of stone formers in Udaipur, XXIII Bull. Int. Coll. Surg. p. 188 (1982).Google Scholar
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    AK Pendse, AK Shrivastava, JL Kumawat, A Goyal, R Ghosh, HS Sharma, and PP Singh, Urolithiasis in Udaipur (Rajasthan), IIMA 82: 152 (1984).Google Scholar
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    CYC Pak, Hypercalciurias, in: “Calcium Urolithiasis”, Plenum Medical Book Co., New York and London (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    EM Gindler and JD King, Rapid colorimetric determination of calcium in biologic fluids with methyl thymol blue, Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 58: 376 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    A Hodgkinson and A Williams, An improved colorimetric procedure for urine oxalate, Clin. Chim. Acta 36: 127 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. P. Singh
    • 1
  • A. K. Pendse
    • 1
  • A. Ahmed
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Biochemistry and SurgeryR.N.T. Medical CollegeUdaipurIndia

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