Issues in Defining and Assessing Reading Proficiency: The ACTFL Guidelines

  • James F. Lee


In 1981, the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) published its Provisional Proficiency Guidelines (generic and language-specific descriptions) for the four language skills (speaking, listening, reading, and writing). In 1986, ACTFL published its updated and sometimes expanded Proficiency Guidelines (general descriptions only). The changes in the descriptions were by and large improvements. This paper focuses on the reading guidelines with specific reference to their theoretical underpinnings.


Reading Comprehension Background Knowledge Foreign Language Reading Skill Target Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • James F. Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.University of IllinoisUrbana-ChampaignUSA

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