Consensus Summary Statement on the Treatment of Radiation Injuries
The radiation environment during a nuclear accident or disaster is likely to be uncontrolled and ill defined. This was emphasized by the three most recent accidents—the reactor explosion in Chernobyl, U.S.S.R. (1986); the internal and external exposure of victims to cesium-137 in Goiânia, Brazil (1987); and the exposure of workers in a radiation sterilization facility in San Salvador, El Salvador (1989). The radiation may differ in quality, energy, and dose rate. The exposure may be nonuniform and heterogeneous, and may involve only part of the body, depending on the location, position, and movement of the subjects relative to the radiation source and available shielding. Physicians treating irradiated patients may find that patients have also been traumatized by burns and/or wounds.
KeywordsRadiation Injury Nuclear Accident Prodromal Symptom Definitive Care Combine Injury
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