The Status of Combined Injuries

  • Erwin F. Hirsch


The association of blunt-penetrating trauma, thermal burns, and radiation injury has been witnessed only once—after the detonation of atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. In the years that followed, many lessons were learned from the survivors, but little documentation of the medical effects of these combined injuries is available.


Septic Complication Radiation Injury Atomic Bomb Combine Injury Thermal Burn 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erwin F. Hirsch
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryBoston University Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniformed Services University of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA

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