Attention and Decision-Making in Echolocation Matching-to-Sample by a Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops Truncatus): The Microstructure of Decision-Making

  • Herbert L. Roitblat
  • Ralph A. Penner
  • Paul E. Nachtigall
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 196)


In delayed matching-to-sample (DMTS) the subject is presented with a sample at one time and must then pick a matching comparison stimulus from a set of alternatives. The choice the subject makes in discriminating among the comparison stimuli, is contingent on the identity of the sample that preceded them in the trial.


Comparison Stimulus Bottlenose Dolphin Sample Stimulus Correct Match Sequential Sampling Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Dye, R. H., Jr. and Hafter, E. R., 1984, The effects of intensity on the detection of interaural differences of time in high-frequency trains of clicks, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75: 1593–1598.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gorman, R. P. and Sejnowski, T. J., 1988, Analysis of hidden units in a layered network trained to classify sonar targets. Neural Networks, 1: 75–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Green, D. M. and Swets, J. A., 1974, “Signal detection theory and psychophysics.” Huntington, NY: Krieger.Google Scholar
  4. Hecht-Nielsen, R., 1987, Counterpropagation networks. Applied Optics, 26: 4979–4984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hecht-Nielsen, R., 1988, Applications of counterpropagation networks. Neural Networks, 1: 131–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lindsay, P. H., Taylor, M. M., and Forbes, S. M., 1968, Attention and multidimensional discrimination. Perception and Psychophysics, 4: 113–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McClelland, J. L., Rumelhart, D. E., eds.), 1986, “Parallel Distributed Processing.” Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  8. McClelland, J. L., Rumelhart, D. E., and Hinton, G. E., 1986, The appeal of parallel distributed processing, in: “Parallel Distributed Processing.” ed. by D. E. Rumelhart and J. L. McClelland. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 3–44.Google Scholar
  9. Moore, P. W. B. and Pawloski, D. A., 1987) Voluntary control of peak frequency in echolocation emissions of dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Paper presented at the 7th biennial conference on the biology of marine mammals. Miami.Google Scholar
  10. Nachtigall, P. E., Patterson, S. A., and Bauer, G. B., 1985, Echolocation delayed matching-to-sample in a bottlenose dolphin. Paper presented at the Sixth Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. November.Google Scholar
  11. Penner, R. H., 1989, Attention and detection in dolphin echolocation, in: “Animal Sonar: Processes and Performance,” P. E. Nachtigall and P. W. B. Moore eds., New York, Plenum Press. 707–713.Google Scholar
  12. Roitblat, H. L., 1980, Codes and coding processes in pigeon short-term memory. Animal Learning and Behavior, 8: 341–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Roitblat, H. L. Penner, R. H., and Nachtigall, P. E., 1990, Matching-to-sample by an echolocating dolphin. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 16: 85–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Roitblat, H. L., Moore, P. W. B., Nachtigall, P. E., Penner, R. H., and Au, W. W. L., 1989, Dolphin echolocation: Identification of returning echoes using a counterpropagation network. Proceedings of the First International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Washington, DC: IEEE Press.Google Scholar
  15. Roitblat, H. L., 1984, Representations in pigeon working memory, in: “Animal cognition.” H. L. Roitblat, T. G. Bever and H. S. Terrace eds., Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 79–97.Google Scholar
  16. Rumelhart, D. E. and McClelland, J. L., 1986, Parallel Distributed Processing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  17. Smolensky, P., 1988, On the proper treatment of connectionism. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11: 1–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Swets, J. A. and Green, D. M., 1964) Sequential observations by human observers of signals in noise. In “Signal detection and recognition by human observers.” J. A. Swets and D. M. Green eds., New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert L. Roitblat
    • 1
  • Ralph A. Penner
    • 2
  • Paul E. Nachtigall
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Naval Ocean Systems Center Hawaii LaboratoryKailuaUSA

Personalised recommendations