Advertisement

Female Offenders

  • Elissa P. Benedek
Part of the Women in Context book series (WICO)

Abstract

The female offender has existed since Medea. She has been considered by those interested in crime and criminals as an aberration, a minority. Recently, in the media, academics (sociologists, psychiatrists, and psychologists) and lay authors have emphasized dramatic increases in the prevalence and incidence of female crime. They also have commented on an increasing variety in the spectrum of offenses committed by women. Statistical data that support an increase in female crime are controversial. The theory that a massive increase in female crime comes as a result of women’s liberation also is controversial. It is clear and noncontroversial that as large numbers of women are being apprehended, sentenced, placed on probation, or incarcerated, the programs available to female offenders have changed very little. Programming does not meet their needs.

Keywords

Criminal Behavior Property Crime Juvenile Court Uniform Crime Report Female Offender 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adler, F. (1975). Sisters in crime. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  2. Benedek, E. (1985). Premenstrual syndrome: A new defense. In J. Gold (Ed.), The psychiatric implications of menstruation. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  3. Burkhardt, K. (1976). Women in prison. New York: Popular Library.Google Scholar
  4. Chesney-Lind, M. (1977). Judicial paternalism and the female status offender. Crime and Delinquency, 23, 121–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crites, L. (Ed.). (1976). The female offender. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath.Google Scholar
  6. Dalton, K. (1980). Cyclic criminal acts in premenstrual syndrome. Lancet, 1070-1071.Google Scholar
  7. Giallombardo, R. (1966). Society of women. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Glick, R. M., & Netto, V. (1977). National study of women’s correctional programs (National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, LEAA). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  9. Haft, M. (1974). Women in prison: Discriminatory practices and some legal solutions. Clearing House Review, 8, 1–6.Google Scholar
  10. Hahn, N. F. (1980). Too dumb to know better: Cacogenic family studies and the criminology of women. Criminology, 18(1), 3–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hindelang, M. J. (1981). Variations in sex-race-age-specific incidents rates of offending. American Sociological Review, 45, 461–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Holtzman, E., and Newman, B. (1984). PMS: Symptoms of an unsound defense. The Compleat Lawyer, 8, 9–11, 54.Google Scholar
  13. Horney, J. (1978). Menstrual cycles in criminal responsibility. Law and Human Behavior, 2(1), 25–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Klein, D. (1973). The etiology of female crime: A review of the literature. Issues in Criminology, 8, 3–30.Google Scholar
  15. Lombroso, C., & Ferrero, G. (1916). The female offender. New York: Appleton.Google Scholar
  16. Mann, C. R. (1984). Race and the sentencing of female felons: A field study. International Journal of Women’s Studies, 7(2), 160–172.Google Scholar
  17. McGowan, B. G., & Blumenthal, K. L. (1976). Children of women prisoners: A forgotten minority. In L. Crites (Ed.), The female offender. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath.Google Scholar
  18. Pollak, O. (1950). The criminality of women. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  19. Rans, L. (1978). Women’s crime: Much ado about...? Federal Probation, 42, 45–49.Google Scholar
  20. Report to the Nation on Crime and Justice. (1980). Bureau of Justice Statistics, Rockville, MD.Google Scholar
  21. Simon, R. J. (1975). Women and crime. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath.Google Scholar
  22. Sobel, S. B. (1982). Difficulties experienced by women in prison. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 7(2), 107–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Spencer, C., & Beracochea, J. E. (1972). Recividism among women parolees. Sacramento: Department of Corrections Research Publication.Google Scholar
  24. Sutherland, E. H., & Cressey, D. R. (1966). Principles of criminology. Philadelphia: J. P. Lippincott.Google Scholar
  25. Thomas, W. I. (1907). Sex and society. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  26. Thomas, W. I. (1923). The unadjusted girl. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  27. Warren, M. Q., & Rosenbaum, J. L. (1986). Criminal careers of female offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 13, 393–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Weisheit, R. A. (1984). Women and crime: Issues and perspectives. Sex Roles, 11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elissa P. Benedek
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Forensic PsychiatryAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations