• Jeanne Spurlock
  • Carolyn B. Robinowitz
Part of the Women in Context book series (WICO)


A number of events that have taken place during several periods of American history—the 19th-century women’s movement, suffrage, social feminism, the Progressive Movement, the women’s movement of the 1960s—have heightened women’s expectations about choices. Such expectations have led us to believe that we can study for and be successful in those professions and vocations that have been labeled “for men only,” or that we could be comfortable about focusing our time and attention on homemaking and childrearing, or that we could do both. We had options! But we also met with barriers. Sometimes these barriers were external to ourselves (e. g., discrimination against women in education and the workplace); in other instances, they may be rooted in our individual makeups.


Child Abuse Violent Crime Foster Parent Battered Woman Female Offender 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Banner, L. W. (1974). Women in modern America (2nd ed.). San Diego: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
  2. Gatlin, R. (1987). American women since 1945. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeanne Spurlock
    • 1
  • Carolyn B. Robinowitz
    • 2
  1. 1.Office of Minority/National AffairsAmerican Psychiatric AssociationUSA
  2. 2.Office of the Medical DirectorAmerican Psychiatric AssociationUSA

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