Advertisement

Sexual Life pp 163-179 | Cite as

Homosexualities

  • Stephen B. Levine
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)

Abstract

Mental health professionals can get beyond culture’s profound fear of and antagonism to homosexual persons, but generally not without effort at learning and self-examination. The personal and clinical rewards are considerable.

Keywords

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Homosexual Behavior Homosexual Identity Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Homosexual Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Duberman MB, Vicinus M, Chaunecey G: Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past. New York, New American Library, 1989.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bayer R: Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The Politics of Diagnosis. New York, Basic Books, 1981.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cabaj RP: AIDS and chemical dependency: Special issues and treatment barriers for gay and bisexual men. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 1989; 21 (4): 387–393.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bell AP, Weinberg MS: Homosexualities: A Study of Diversity among Men and Women. New York, Simon & Schuster, 1978.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Klein F, Sepekoff B, Wolf TJ: Sexual orientation: A multi-variate dynamic process. Journal of Homosexuality, 1985; 11 (1/2): 35–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Coleman E: Assessment of sexual orientation. Journal of Homosexuality, 1987; 14 (1/2): 9–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Isay RA: Being Homosexual: Gay Men and Their Development. New York, Farrar, Straus, & Giroux, 1989.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saghir M, Robbins E: Male and Female Homosexuality. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1973.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tuttle GE, Pillard RC: Sexual orientation and cognitive abilities. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1991; 20 (3): 307–319.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Boswell J: Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Greenberg DF: The Construction of Homosexuality. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Money, J: Gay, Straight, and In-between. New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hines M, Green R: Human hormonal and neural correlates of sex-typed behaviors, in Tasman A, Goldfinger SM (eds), Review of Psychiatry, Vol 10, Washington, American Psychiatric Press, 1991, pp 536–555.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gooren L, Fliers E, Courtney K: Biological determinants of sexual orientation, in Bancroft J (ed), Annual Review of Sex Research, Vol I. Lake Mills, Iowa, Society for Sdentific Study of Sex, 1990.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dittman RW, Kappes MH, Kappes ME, et al: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia II: Gender-related behavior and attitudes in female salt-wasting and simple-viriling patients. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1990; 15 (5–6): 421–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Whitham FL, Mathy RM: Male Homosexuality in Four Societies: Brazil, Guatemala, Philippines, and United States. New York, Praeger, 1986.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Whitham FL, Mathy RM: Childhood cross-gender behavior of homosexual females in Brazil, Peru, the Philippines, and the United States. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1991; 20 (2): 151–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Green R: “Sissy Boy Syndrome” and the Development of Male Homosexuality, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Harry J: Defeminization and social class. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1985; 14 (1): 1–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bieber I, et al: Homosexuality: A Psychoanalytic Study of Male Homosexuals. New York, Basic Books, 1962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Siegelman M: Parental backgrounds of male homosexuals and heterosexuals: A cross-national replication. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1981; 10 (6): 505–512.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Friedman RC: Male Homosexuality: A Contemporary Psychoanalytic Perspective. New Haven, Yale University Press. 1988.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Weinrich JD: Sexual Landscapes: Why We Are What We Are, Why We Love Whom We Love. New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1987.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gilligan C: In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Scharff DE: The Sexual Relationship: An Object Relations View of the Family. London, Rout-ledge, Kegan, Paul, 1982.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Garnets L, Hancock KA, Cochran SD, et al: Issues in psychotherapy with lesbians and gay men. American Psychologist, 1991; 46 (9): 964–972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Falco KL: Psychotherapy with Lesbian Clients: Theory into Practice. New York, Brunner/Mazel, 1991.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Isay RA: Fathers and their homosexually inclined sons. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, Vol 42. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1987; pp 275–294.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Task Force on the Status of Lesbian and Gay Male Psychologists. Removing the stigma. APA Monitor, 1977, p 16.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Brown, LS: Beyond thou shalt not: Thinking about ethics in the lesbian therapy community. Women and Therapy, 1989; 8 (1/2): 13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen B. Levine
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Human Sexuality, Department of Psychiatry, University Hospitals of ClevelandCase Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations