The Development of a Tiered Personnel System in the Federal Government
At the beginning of the 1930s, professions had developed to the point where personnel directors could use the professional/nonprofessional distinction as a legitimate organizing principle in the construction of job ladders. The distinction existed at two levels. First, the personnel office recognized a distinction between the job tasks of professionals and non-professionals. Second, this distinction justified the requirement that applicants for professional positions have the appropriate university-level degree. Beginning in the 1930s, the question of whether office work should be similarly organized was debated in a serious way within the federal government. Later, in the years following World War II, the Civil Service Commission, working with federal agencies, constructed a system of job ladders for office work that increasingly resembled the tiered structure the government had created in the 1920s for scientific work.
KeywordsCivil Service Administrative Position Senior Civil Service Federal Service Civil Service Commission
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