Calcium and Phosphorus Balance in Preterm Infants Fed Human Milk or Human Milk Supplemented with Vitamin D and Minerals

  • Jacques Senterre


The recommended intakes for calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and vitamin D in the preterm infant remain an area of ongoing controversy.1–3 Because of the rapid rate of growth, hypomineralization of bone or overt rickets have been frequently observed in preterm infants fed human milk or standard formulas. The pathogenesis of the skeletal lesions is often multifactorial. Inadequate Ca and P intakes, copper and zinc deficiencies, and poor vitamin D status have all been implicated.1–3


Preterm Infant Bone Mineral Content Human Milk Hypophosphatemic Rickets Mineral Homeostasis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacques Senterre
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsState University of Liège Hôpital de la CitadelleLiègeBelgium

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