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The Source of “Lost Calories” from Fortified Breast Milk

  • Nitin R. Mehta
  • Margit Hamosh
  • Joel Bitman
  • D. Larry Wood

Abstract

MCT1 oil is frequently chosen as fortifier for human milk (HM) feeds for the very premature infant because it improves caloric density without increasing the osmotic load of the feed. In practice, however, these infants who apparently are receiving adequate calories do not demonstrate the expected growth. We have therefore investigated whether fat might be lost because of adherence to feeding sets in the prevailing methods of MCT supplementation. Forty feeding sets, collected from infants on feeds of 3 different compositions, were analyzed for amount of residual fat (measured as % of total fat in feed by gravimetry). The fatty acid composition (FA) of the fat residue was analyzed by gas chromatography.

Keywords

Human Milk Medium Chain Triglyceride Caloric Density Osmotic Load USDA Agricultural Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nitin R. Mehta
    • 1
    • 2
  • Margit Hamosh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joel Bitman
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Larry Wood
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Georgetown University Medical CenterUSA
  2. 2.USDA Agricultural Research ServiceBeltsvilleUSA

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