Hormones and Clinical Anxiety An Imbalanced Neuromodulation of Attention

  • Michael J. Kelley
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)


In this chapter, a model of neuroses will be developed that suggests that clinical anxiety is an outcome of an interaction between associative conditioning and individual differences in the functioning of the neuroendocrine system. The model takes as an assumption that there is a synergism between these two factors and that each alone is largely insufficient to produce clinical neuroses. More broadly, this interaction can be conveyed by the following equation:
$$ neuroses = conditioning \times neurohormones $$


Conditioned Stimulus Anorexia Nervosa Opioid Receptor Locus Coeruleus Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael J. Kelley
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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