Balancing Regulatory Control, Scientific Knowledge, and Public Understanding

  • David T. Kingsbury
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 45)


The commercial application of the modern biotechnologies or “New Biotechnology” (recombinant DNA, monoclonal antibodies, and advanced micro-chemical analysis and synthesis) has been in progress for slightly more than a decade. The initial products that resulted were monoclonal antibodies for disease diagnosis and new drugs resulting from the large-scale fermentation of microorganisms that had been genetically modified. In each case, the living cells were not the products themselves, but were simply the means by which the end product was produced. Production was done in carefully controlled, contained facilities, and product regulation was almost independent of the mode of manufacture.


Environmental Protection Agency International Coordination Register Policy Statement Notification Requirement National Science Foundation Program 
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    Federal Register, FR 49, 50856-50907, December 31, 1984.Google Scholar
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    Federal Register, FR 51, 23302-23393, June 26, 1986.Google Scholar
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    Halfpenny, J.C., and K.P. Ingraham, eds. (1984) Long Term Ecological Research in the United States, Long-Term Ecological Research Network, Corvallis, Oregon.Google Scholar
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    Office of Technology Assessment (1987) Public Perceptions of Biotechnology (New Developments in Biotechnology, Vol. 2), WashingtonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • David T. Kingsbury
    • 1
  1. 1.Directorate for Biological, Behavioral, and Social SciencesNational Science FoundationUSA

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