Complex Industrial Waste Sites
The biodegradation and transformation of contaminants at complex toxic waste sites represents one of the largest and most challenging problems facing the biotechnology industry. A “complex waste site” is defined here as a site with a large number of diverse toxic compounds contained in a difficult substrate. The diversity of toxic compounds can be illustrated with a portion of the waste manifest listing materials placed in a major Superfund site (Tab. 1). The challenge is to determine how to design and apply effective biological treatments in the field. This chapter presents two case studies where Ecova is incorporating biologicals in a system that also includes chemical and physical treatment strategies. This approach can be best described as a “mixed technology approach.”
KeywordsMethyl Ethyl Ketone Waste Site Contaminant Plume Backfill Soil Phenanthrene Degradation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.(1986) Bergey’s Manual of Systemic Bacteriology, Vol. 1 and 2, William and Wilkens, Baltimore, Maryland.Google Scholar
- 2.Flathman, P.E., and G.D. Githens (1985) In Groundwater Treatment Technology, Evan K. Nyer, ed. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.Google Scholar
- 3.Jhaveri, V., and A.J. Mazzacca (1983) Bio-reclamation of ground and groundwater: Case history. Presented at the Fourth National Conference of Management of Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Sites, October 31–November 2, 1983.Google Scholar
- 5.Taylor, D.G., R.W. Trudgill, R.E. Cripps, and P.R. Harris (1980) Microbial metabolism of acetone. J. Gen. Microbiol. 118:159–170.Google Scholar