Complex Industrial Waste Sites

  • William D. St. John
  • David J. Sikes
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 45)


The biodegradation and transformation of contaminants at complex toxic waste sites represents one of the largest and most challenging problems facing the biotechnology industry. A “complex waste site” is defined here as a site with a large number of diverse toxic compounds contained in a difficult substrate. The diversity of toxic compounds can be illustrated with a portion of the waste manifest listing materials placed in a major Superfund site (Tab. 1). The challenge is to determine how to design and apply effective biological treatments in the field. This chapter presents two case studies where Ecova is incorporating biologicals in a system that also includes chemical and physical treatment strategies. This approach can be best described as a “mixed technology approach.”


Methyl Ethyl Ketone Waste Site Contaminant Plume Backfill Soil Phenanthrene Degradation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • William D. St. John
    • 1
  • David J. Sikes
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecova CorporationRedmondUSA

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