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Preliminary Development of a Bench-Scale Treatment System for Aerobic Degradation of Trichloroethylene

  • Michael J. K. Nelson
  • P. H. Pritchard
  • Al W. Bourquin
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 45)

Abstract

Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a volatile, chlorinated, aliphatic compound that has been used extensively as a general cleaning and degreasing solvent by the military and industry. This extensive use has resulted in its becoming one of the most predominant groundwater contaminants, of particular environmental concern because of its potential carcinogenicity and its recalcitrance. Although some decomposition has been reported under anaerobic conditions, the decomposition is slow and results in the production of other hazardous compounds, including dichloroethylenes and vinyl chloride (1,4,5). Aerobic degradation has been reported in soil columns exposed to natural gas, suggesting that methanotrophs may be capable of TCE degradation (6). We recently reported on the isolation of a gramnegative bacterium, designated strain G4 (2), that apparently utilizes the enzymatic machinery of an aromatic biodegradative pathway to detoxify TCE (3).

Keywords

Vinyl Chloride Sodium Benzoate Aerobic Degradation Aerobic Biodegradation Inorganic Chloride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael J. K. Nelson
    • 1
  • P. H. Pritchard
    • 2
  • Al W. Bourquin
    • 2
  1. 1.Technology Applications, Inc.USA
  2. 2.United States Environmental Protection AgencyEnvironmental Research LaboratoryGulf BreezeUSA

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