Microbiological Cleanup of Groundwater Contaminated by Pentachlorophenol

  • Thomas D. Frick
  • Ronald L. Crawford
  • Michael Martinson
  • Tom Chresand
  • George Bateson
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 45)


Pentachlorophenol (PCP) was first produced during the 1930s as a biocide for use by the wood-preserving industry. Since then, it also has been used as a fungicide, bactericide, herbicide, molluscicide, algicide, and insecticide. Its primary use today, however, is still as a wood-preserving chemical. About 80% of the approximately 2,000 tons of PCP that are produced annually in the United States is used for commercial wood treatment (3). The widespread use of PCP and PCP-treated products has led to its broad distribution in the environment. Groundwater and drinking water contamination by PCP is becoming increasingly common (1). Environmental contamination with PCP is of concern both as an ecological threat and as a public health menace.


High Performance Liquid Chromatography Chemical Oxygen Demand High Performance Liquid Chromatography Chromatogram Groundwater Contaminate Chlorinate Phenol 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas D. Frick
    • 1
  • Ronald L. Crawford
    • 1
  • Michael Martinson
    • 2
  • Tom Chresand
    • 2
  • George Bateson
    • 2
  1. 1.Gray Freshwater Biological InstituteUniversity of MinnesotaNavarreUSA
  2. 2.BioTrol, Inc.ChaskaUSA

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