Advertisement

The Participation of the Cerebral Cortex and Basal Ganglia in Motor Act Programming

  • A. S. Batuev
  • A. A. Orlov
  • V. I. Shaefer

Summary

Long-lasting unit activity of cortical areas (prefrontal, parietal, motor) and subcortical structures (neostriatum, pallidum, n. ventralis anterior) was studied in conscious monkeys during the performance of a delayed alternation task. The behavioural task was as follows: on presentation of the right or left cue the monkey had to press the right or left lever, respectively. A separate group of spatial selective neurons was found to exist. The properties of these units, which were found in prefrontal and posterior parietal areas, neostriatum and n. ventralis anterior, suggest that these structures are involved in the programming of a forthcoming goal-directed motor act. Motor and anterior parietal cortices and pallidum participate rather in the execution of the motor act.

Keywords

Behavioural Task Trigger Signal Spatial Selectivity Left Lever High Firing Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, G.E., De Long, M.R., and Strick, P.L., 1986, Parallel organization of functionally segregated circuits linking basal ganglia and cortex, Ann. Rev. Neurosci., 9:357–381.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Batuev, A.S., 1982, Programming of goal-directed behaviour and association systems of the brain, The Pavlovian J. of Biol. Sci., 17:1–9.Google Scholar
  3. Batuev, A.S., 1987, Higher integrative systems of the brain, Gordon and Breach, London.Google Scholar
  4. Batuev, A.S., Shaefer, V.I., Orlov, A.A., 1985, Comparative characteristics of unit activity in the prefrontal and parietal areas during delayed performance in monkeys, Behav. Brain Res., 16: 57–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Batuev, A.S., Pirogov, A.A., Orlov, A.A., Shaefer, V.I., 1980, Cortical mechanisms of goal-directed motor acts in the rhesus monkey, Acta neurobiol. Experim., 40: 27–49.Google Scholar
  6. Butters, N., Pandya, D., Sanders, K., Dye, P., 1971, Behavioral deficits in monkey after selective lesions within middle third of s. principalis, J. Comp. Physiol., 76: 8–14.Google Scholar
  7. De Long, M.R., Georgopoulos, A.P., Crutcher, M.D., Mitchell, S.J., Richardson, R.T., Alexander, G.E., 1981, Functional organization of the basal ganglia: contributions of the single-cell recording studies, Functions of the basal ganglia, Pitman, London: 64–82.Google Scholar
  8. Evarts, E.V., Shinoda, Y., Wise, S.P., 1984, Neurophysiological approaches to higher brain functions, J. Wiley and Sons, N.Y.Google Scholar
  9. Fuster, J.M., 1980, The prefrontal cortex, Anatomy, physiology and neuropsychology of the frontal cortex, Raven Press, N.Y.Google Scholar
  10. Hyvärinen, J., 1982, The parietal cortex of monkey and man, Springer, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kojima, S., Goldman-Rakic, P.S., 1984, Functional analysis of spatially discriminative neurons in prefrontal cortex of rhesus monkey, Brain Res., 291: 229–240.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kubota, K., 1975, Prefrontal unit activity during delayed response and delayed alternation performance, Jap. J. Physiol., 25: 481–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kuo, J.-S., Carpenter, M.B., 1973, Organization of pallido-thalamic projections in the rhesus monkey, J. Comp. Neurol., 151: 201–236.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mountcastle, V.B., 1976, The world around us: neuronal command functions for selective attention, Neurosci. Res. Progr. Bull., Suppl., 14: 1–43.Google Scholar
  15. Niki, H., Watanabe, M., 1976, Prefrontal unit activity and delayed response: relation to cue location versus direction of response, Brain Res., 105: 79–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Orlov, A.A., Batuev, A.S., Shaefer, V.I., Kursina, N.P., 1984, Neuronal activity in striopallidum of monkey during the delayed spatial choice, in: The striate system and behavior in norm and pathology: 125–132.Google Scholar
  17. Pirogov, A.A., Batuev, A.S., 1981, Cortical unit activity and motor act programming, 28th Int. Congr. Physiol. Sci., Adv. Physiol., Sci., 17: 239–245.Google Scholar
  18. Strick, P.L., 1976, Activity of ventro-lateral thalamic nucleus neurons during arm movements, J. Neurophysiol., 39: 1032–1044.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Batuev
    • 1
  • A. A. Orlov
    • 1
  • V. I. Shaefer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Higher Nervous ActivityLeningrad State UniversityLeningradUSSR

Personalised recommendations