Advertisement

The Future of Pluralism Revisited

  • Harry C. Triandis
Part of the Perspectives in Social Psychology book series (PSPS)

Abstract

This chapter explores the future of pluralism from the point of view of social psychology. It examines social-psychological principles relevant to achieving a society that accommodates a variety of cultural groups and at the same time reduces intergroup conflict.

Keywords

Black Community Subjective Culture Culture Assimilator Intergroup Relation Intergroup Contact 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abelson, R. P. (1959). Modes of resolution of belief dilemmas. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 3, 343–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abelson, R. P., Aronson, E., McGuire, W. J., Newcomb, T. M., Rosenberg, M. J., & Tannenbaum, P. H. (1968). Theories of cognitive consistency: A sourcebook. Chicago: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
  3. Albert, R. (1983) The intercultural sensitizer or culture assimilator: A cognitive approach. In D. Landis & R. Brislin (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural training. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Amir, Y. (1969). Contact hypothesis in intergroup relations. Psychological Bulletin, 71, 319–342.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Amir, Y. (1976). The role of intergroup contact in change of prejudice and ethnic relations. In P. A. Katz (Ed.), Toward the elimination of racism. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  6. Berkowitz, L., & Walster, E. (1976). Equity theory: Toward a general theory of social interaction. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 9). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Berry, J. W. (1984). Cultural relations in plural societies: Alternatives to segregation and their sociopsychological implications. In N. Miller & M. B. Brewer (Eds.), Groups in contact: The psychology of desegregation. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  8. Berry, J. W., Kalin, R., & Taylor, D. M. (1976). Multiculturalism and ethnic attitudes in Canada. Ottawa: Minister of State for Multiculturalism.Google Scholar
  9. Blau, F., & Ferber, M. (1986). The economics of women, men, and work. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  10. Brewer, M. B., & Kramer, R. M. (1985). The psychology of intergroup attitudes and behavior. Annual Review of Psychology, 36, 219–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Brislin, R. W., & Pedersen, P. (1976). Cross-cultural orientation programs. New York: Gardner Press.Google Scholar
  12. Campbell, D. T. (1967). Stereotypes and perception of group differences. American Psychologist, 22, 812–829.Google Scholar
  13. Campbell, D. T. (1969). Reforms as experiments. American Psychologist, 24, 409–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Castanada, A., James, R. L., & Robbins, W. (1974). The educational needs of minority groups. Lincoln, NE: Professional Educators Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. Deutsch, M. (1969). Conflicts: Productive and destructive. Journal of Social Issues, 25, 7–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dowdall, G. W. (1974). White gains from black subordination in 1960 and 1970. Social Problems, 22, 162–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Epps, E. G. (1974). Cultural pluralism. Berkeley, CA: McCatchan Press.Google Scholar
  18. Feldman, J. (1974). Race, economic class and the intention to work: Some normative and attitudinal correlates. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59, 179–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Foa, U. G., & Donnenwerth, G. W. (1971). Love poverty in modern culture and sensitivity training. Sociological Inquiry, 41, 149–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Foa, U. G., & Foa, E. B. (1974). Societal structures of the mind. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.Google Scholar
  21. Goldstein, M., & Davis, E. E. (1973). Race and belief: A further analysis of the social determinants of behavioral intentions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 26, 16–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hennigh, L. (1975). Negative stereotyping: Structural contributions in a Bureau of Indian Affairs community. Human Organization, 34, 263–268.Google Scholar
  23. Heradveit, D. (1979). The Arab-Israeli conflict. Oslo, Norway: Universitetforlaget.Google Scholar
  24. Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  25. Homans, G. C. (1974). Social behavior: Its elementary forms. New York: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
  26. Jones, E. E., Kanouse, D. E., Kelley, H. H., Nisbett, R. E., Valins, S., & Weiner, B. (1972). Attribution: Perceiving the causes of behavior. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.Google Scholar
  27. Kessler, R. C., Price, R. H., & Wortman, C. B. (1985). Social factors in psychopathology: Stress social support and coping processes. Annual Review of Psychology, 36, 531–572.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lambert, W. E. (1973). Culture and language as factors in learning and education. Paper presented at the Symposium on Cultural Factors in Learning, Bellingham, WA.Google Scholar
  29. Landis, D., & Brislin, R. (1983). Handbook of intercultural training (Vols. 1–3). New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  30. Landis, D., Day, H. R., McGrew, P. L., Thomas, J. A., & Miller, A. B. (1976). Can a black “culture assimilator” increase racial understanding? Journal of Social Issues, 32(2), 169–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lévy-Leboyer, C. (1984). La crise des motivations. Paris, France: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  32. Lewis, O. (1966). The culture of poverty. Scientific American, 215, 19–25.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ley, D. (1974). The black inner city as frontier outpost. Washington, DC: Association of American Geographers.Google Scholar
  34. Marx, G. T. (1967). Protest and prejudice. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  35. Mosteller, F., & Moynihan, D. P. (1972). On equality of educational opportunity. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  36. Murphy, H. B. M. (1961). Social change and mental health. Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 39, 385–445.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Murphy, H. B. M. (1965). Migration and the major mental disorders: A reappraisal. In M. B. Kantor (Ed.), Mobility and mental health. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.Google Scholar
  38. Myrdal, G. (1944). An American dilemma. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
  39. Naroll, R. (1983). The moral order. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  40. Naroll, R., Benjamin, E. C., Fohl, F. K., Fried, M. J., Hildreth, R. E., & Schaefer, J. M. (1971). Creativity: A cross-historical pilot survey. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2, 191–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nisbett, R. E., Caputo, C., Legant, P., & Marecek, J. (1973). Behavior as seen by the actor and as seen by the observer. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27, 154–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Novak, M. (1972). The rise of unmeltable ethnics. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  43. Pettigrew, T. F. (1969). Racially separate or together? Journal of Social Issues, 25(1), 43–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Progress against poverty: 1964–74. Focus on Poverty Research, 1976, 1, 8–12.Google Scholar
  45. Rothbart, M. (1976). Achieving racial equality: An analysis of resistance to social reform. In P. A. Katz (Ed.), Toward the elimination of racism. New York: Pergamon.Google Scholar
  46. Schuman, H., & Hatchett, S. (1974). Black racial attitudes: Trends and complexities. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute of Social Research.Google Scholar
  47. Seelye, H. N. (1975). Teaching culture. Skokie, IL: National Textbook.Google Scholar
  48. Seligman, M. E. P. (1975). Helplessness: On depression, development and death. San Francisco: Freeman.Google Scholar
  49. Sherif, M. (1968). If the social scientist is to be more than a mere technician. Journal of Social Issues, 24(1), 41–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Simonton, D. K. (1975). Sociocultural context of individual creativity: A transhistorical time-series analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 1119–1133.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  52. Taylor, D. A. (1974). Should we integrate organizations? In H. Fromkin & J. Sherwood (Eds.), Integrating the organization. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  53. Taylor, D. M., & Jaggi, V. (1974). Ethnocentrism and causal attribution in a south Indian context. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 5, 162–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Thibaut, J., & Kelley, H. H. (1959). The social psychology of groups. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  55. Thurow, L. C. (1969). Poverty and discrimination. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  56. Triandis, H. C. (1975). Culture training, cognitive complexity and interpersonal attitudes. In R. Brislin, S. Bochner, & W. Lonner (Eds.), Cross-cultural perspectives on learning. New York: Halstead/Wiley.Google Scholar
  57. Triandis, H. C. (Ed.). (1976). Variations in black and white perceptions of the social environment. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  58. Triandis, H. C., & Davis, E. E. (1965). Race and belief as determinants of behavioral intentions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2, 715–725.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Triandis, H. C., & Vassiliou, V. (1967). Frequency of contact and stereotyping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 7, 316–328.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tucker, L. (1966). Some mathematical notes on three-mode factor analysis. Psychometrika, 31, 279–311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Turner, C. B., & Wilson, W. J. (1976). Dimensions of racial ideology: A study of urban black attitudes. Journal of Social Issues, 32(2), 139–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Vassiliou, V. V., Triandis, H. C., Vassiliou, G., & McGuire, H. (1972). Interpersonal contact and stereotyping. In H. C. Triandis (Ed.), The analysis of subjective culture. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  63. Ward, C., & Hewstone, M. (1985). Ethnicity, language, and intergroup relations in Malaysia and Singapore: A social psychological analysis. Journal of Multilingual Multicultural Development, 6, 271–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Weldon, D. E., Carlston, D. E., Rissman, A. K., Slobodin, L., & Triandis, H. C. (1975). A laboratory test of effects of culture assimilator training. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 300–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. X (Clark), C. (Ed.). (1973). The white researcher in black society. Journal of Social Issues, 29(1), 1–119.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry C. Triandis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of IllinoisChampaignUSA

Personalised recommendations