Discharge Characteristics of Joint Receptors in Relation to their Proprioceptive Role

  • William R. Ferrell

Abstract

Since the observation that muscle vibration produces illusions of movement and results in significant impairment in kinaesthesis (Goodwin et al., 1972) increasing emphasis has been placed on their contribution to this sensation whilst the contribution of joint receptors has concurrently been diminished. It has even been suggested that the latter make no significant contribution to the conscious awareness of limb movement and position (Matthews, 1982). The object of this work is to demonstrate that certain experimental manipulations can result in disturbances of kinaesthesis (awareness of limb movement) and stataesthesis (awareness of limb position) and that these deficits can most readily be explained by the response of joint receptors to these procedures.

Keywords

Angle Error Cumulative Error Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Knee Joint Angle Muscle Vibration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baxendale, R.H., and Ferrell, W.R., 1987, Disturbances of proprioception at the human knee resulting from acute joint distension, J. Physiol. (in Press).Google Scholar
  2. Burgess, P.R., and Clark, F.J., 1969, Characteristics of knee joint receptors in the cat, J. Physiol., 203, 317–335.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ferrell, W.R., 1980, The adequacy of stretch receptors in the cat knee joint for signalling joint angle throughout a full range of movement, J. Physiol., 299, 85–99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Ferrell, W.R., Gandevia S.C., and McCloskey D.I., 1987, Role of joint receptors in human kinaesthesis when intramuscular receptors cannot contribute, J. Physiol., 386, 63–71.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Ferrell W.R., Nade S., and Newbold P.J., 1986, The inter-relation of neural discharge, intra-articular pressure and joint angle in the knee of the dog, J. Physiol. 373: 353–365.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Gandevia S.C., and McCloskey D.I., 1975, Joint sense, muscle sense and their combination as position sense, measured at the distal interphalangeal joint of the middle finger, J. Physiol. 260:387–407.Google Scholar
  7. Goodwin G.M., McCloskey D.I., and Matthews P.B.C., 1972, The contribution of muscle afferents to kinaesthesia shown by vibration induced illusions of movement and by the effects of paralysing joint afferents, Brain 95: 705–748.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Grigg P., and Greenspan B.J., 1977, Response of primate joint afferent neurons to mechanical stimulation of the knee joint, J. Neurophysiol. 40:1–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Macefield G., Gandevia S.C., and Burke D., 1987, Electrophysiological recordings from human joint afferents, Proc. Austr. Phys. Pharm. Soc., 16: 34P.Google Scholar
  10. Matthews P.B.C., 1982, Where does Sherrington’s “muscular sense” originate? Muscles, joints, corollary discharges? Ann. Rev. Neurosci., 5: 189–218.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Rymer W.Z., and D’Almeida A., 1980, Joint position sense. The effects of muscle contraction, Brain 103: 1–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wood L., and Ferrell W.R., 1985, Fluid compartmentation and articular mechanoreceptor discharge in the cat knee joint, Quart. J. Expt. Physiol., 70, 329–335.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. Ferrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PhysiologyUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowScotland, UK

Personalised recommendations