Advertisement

Sensory Nerve Endings in the Deep Lateral Cubital Region: A Topographical and Ultrastructural Study in the Rat

  • J. C. van der Wal
  • T. Strasmann
  • J. Drukker
  • Z. Halata

Abstract

The connective tissue apparatus, as revealed in the human lateral elbow region by means of an alternative method of dissection — in which capsular ligaments can not be described as separate entities — appears to play an important role in conveying tensile stresses (Van Mameren, 1983; Van Mameren and Drukker, 1984). In the homologous region of the rat the role of this apparatus as to the quality of centripetal information was questioned (Van der Wal et al., 1984). There is growing evidence in the literature that a complete description of the morphological substrate of proprioception in a joint region should not be restricted to the joint capsule receptors alone but has to include the sensory nerve endings in the entire periarticular connective tissue, the muscle tissue and even in the skin (Halata et al., 1985, for review see Abrahams, 1983). Since one of the main conclusions of our previous investigations (Van der Wal et al., 1984) was, that in the studied region, almost all muscle tissue functions in series with this connective tissue and thus the usual concept — that muscles function in a parallel relation to the capsular connective tissue — is not correct for this region, the question was raised how the organisation of the morphological substrate of proprioception is related to the found architecture. Therefore an integral, three dimensional description of the occurrence of mechanoreceptors in relation to the architecture of muscle and connective tissue is needed, presenting the functional topography of the substrate that functions as the source of centripetal information.

Keywords

Muscle Spindle Intermediate Zone Semi Thin Section Sensory Nerve Ending Nerve Fascicle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abrahams, V.C., 1983, Neck Muscle Proprioception and Motor Control, in: “Proprioception, Posture and Emotion”, D. Garlick, ed., pp. 103–120.Google Scholar
  2. Baljet, B., and Drukker, J., 1975, An acetylcholinesterase method for in toto staining of peripheral nerves, Stain Techn., 50, 31–36.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. During, M. von, Andres, K.H., and Schmidt, R.F., 1984, Ultrastructure of fine afferent fibre terminations in muscle and tendon of the cat, in: “Proceedings of the Int. Symp. on Sensory Receptor Mechanisms”, W. Hamann and A. Iggo, eds., World Sci. Publ. Corp. Singapore, pp. 15–23.Google Scholar
  4. Halata, Z., Rettig, T., and Schultze, W., 1985, The ultrastructure of sensory nerve endings in the human knee joint capsule, Anatomy and Embryology, 172, 265–275.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Laczko, J., and Levai, G., 1975, A simple differential staining method for semithin sections of ossifying cartilage and bone tissue embedded in epoxy resin, Mikroskopie, 31, 1–4.Google Scholar
  6. Mameren, H. van, 1983, Reaction forces in a model of the human elbow joint, Verh. Anat. Ges., 77, 327–328.Google Scholar
  7. Mameren, H. van, Drukker, J., 1984, A functional basis of injuries to the ligaments and other soft tissue around the elbow, Int. J. Sports Med., 5 (Suppl.): 88–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Polacek, P., 1966, Receptors of the joints. Their structure, variability and classification, Acta Fac. Med. Univ. Brunenesis, 23, 1–107.Google Scholar
  9. Reynolds, E.S., 1963, The use of lead citrate at high pH as an electron opaque stain in electron microscopy, J. Cell Biology, 17, 208–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Spaethe, A., 1984, Eine Modifikation der Silbermethode nach Richardson für die Axonfärbung in Paraffinschnitten, Verh. Anat. Ges., 78, 101–102.Google Scholar
  11. Wal, J.C. van der, Drukker, and J. Mameren, H. Van, 1984, The organization of the connective tissue in the lateral cubital region of the rat, Verh. Anat. Ges., 78, 631–632.Google Scholar
  12. Wal, J.C. van der, and Drukker, J., 1987, The occurrence of muscle spindles in relation to the architecture of the connective tissue in the lateral cubital region of the rat, (this volume).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. van der Wal
    • 1
  • T. Strasmann
    • 2
  • J. Drukker
    • 1
  • Z. Halata
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and EmbryologyUniversity of LimburgMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy, Division of Functional AnatomyUniversity of HamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations