The Opportunity of National Forest Planning

  • Julia M. Wondolleck
Part of the Environment, Development, and Public Policy book series (EDPE)


As seen in the last several Chapters, conflict pervades national forest management, leading to several unfavorable consequences. Decisions are frequently not viable; they are delayed or overturned by appeals and lawsuits, leaving the decision-making process stymied. There is delay and its associated costs, particularly at the expense of on-the-ground management activities. The process is divisive; it keeps groups battling each other’s demands and precludes finding a common ground should one exist. Public trust and faith in the agency and its officials continue to decline. The morale of agency staff is eroded as their efforts are constantly besieged and seldom come to fruition. There are political ramifications when external pressures are brought to bear, at times resulting in budgetary constraints, new legislative mandates, or judicially imposed direction.


Planning Process National Forest Timber Harvest Forest Plan Planning Document 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia M. Wondolleck
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Natural ResourcesThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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