Assessing the Quality of Living Environments
Traditional theories of autism treat behavior disorders and delayed development as symptoms of internal deficits. These deficits have been expressed in terms of physiological factors (e.g., brain pathology) or hypothetical concepts of information processing (e.g., sensory overload). Most theories further stipulate, however, that the correlation between symptoms and internal deficits is not perfect because of the mediating role of the environment. Environmental factors must be acknowledged to account for the fact that an individual with a mild deficiency, reared in a depriving environment, might show severe developmental delay (Bijou & Dunitz-Johnson, 1981).
KeywordsDisruptive Behavior Activity Zone Developmental Disability Apply Behavior Analysis Treatment Environment
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bijou, S. W., & Dunitz-Johnson, E. (1981). Inter-behavioral analysis of developmental retardation. The Psychological Record, 31, 305–29.Google Scholar
- Jones, M. L., Favell, J. E., & Risley, T. R. (1983). Socioecological programming. In J. Matson & F. Andrasik (Eds.) Treatment issues and innovations in mental retardation. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
- Jones, M. L., Risley, T. R., & Favell, J. E. (1984). Ecological patterns: An ecobehavioral perspective in assessment. In J. L. Matson & S. Breuning (Eds.), Assessing the mentally retarded. New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
- Jones, M. L., & Risley, T. R. (1984). Procedures for the MANIFEST Observation System. Lawrence, KS: Living Environments Group.Google Scholar
- Jones, M. L., Lattimore, J., Ulicny, G. R., & Risley, T. R. (1986). Programming for engagement; Environmental design to control behavior disorders. In R. P. Barret (Ed.), Treatment of severe behavior disorders: Contemporary approaches with the mentally retarded (pp. 123–55). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
- Krick, E. V. (1962). Methods engineering. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Sommer, R. (1969). Personal space: The behavioral basis of design. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-hall.Google Scholar