The Autumnal Moth in Fennoscandia

  • Erkki Haukioja
  • Seppo Neuvonen
  • Sinikka Hanhimäki
  • Pekka Niemelä
Part of the Population Ecology book series (POPE)


Mountain birch, Betula pubescens Ehrhart ssp. tortuosa (Ledebour) Nyman, forests form the tree line in northwestern Europe and are periodically defoliated by the autumnal moth, Epirrita = Oporinia autumnata (Borkhausen). This chapter analyzes the population dynamics of Epirrita, but many of our conclusions may apply to other defoliators, such as Operophtera brumata (Linnaeus), O. fagata (Scharfenberg), O. bruceata (Hu1st), and Erannis defoliaria (Clerck), which often exhibit synchronous fluctuations in the same or adjacent areas.38,62


Birch Forest Population Cycle Mountain Birch Willow Warbler Birch Leaf 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erkki Haukioja
    • 1
  • Seppo Neuvonen
    • 1
  • Sinikka Hanhimäki
    • 1
  • Pekka Niemelä
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of TurkuTurku 50Finland

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