The Southern Pine Beetle

  • Richard O. Flamm
  • Robert N. Coulson
  • Thomas L. Payne
Part of the Population Ecology book series (POPE)


The Southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmerman (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), is the most destructive insect pest of pine forests in the southeastern United States and in parts of Mexico and Central America (Fig. 1). This is a well-worn statement but is nonetheless richly deserved and quite accurate. The beetle epitomizes the definition of its genus, killer of trees. As such, D. frontalis can overcome even vigorous trees when its populations are large. In the United States, the southern pine beetle primarily colonizes loblolly (Pinus taeda) and shortleaf (P. enchinata) pines, both of which are important sources of pulp and timber. These pines are fast-growing species, inhabiting some of the finest timber-growing land on the continent. In addition, most watersheds in the southern pine forest are dominated by these species, and in many recreational areas high-valued old growth pine prevail.


Bark Beetle Aggregation Pheromone Lightning Strike Outer Bark Mountain Pine Beetle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard O. Flamm
    • 1
  • Robert N. Coulson
    • 1
  • Thomas L. Payne
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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