The Pine Looper in Britain and Europe

  • David A. Barbour
Part of the Population Ecology book series (POPE)


The pine looper moth, Bupalus piniaria Linnaeus, has been a serious pest of European forestry for more than 200 years, particularly in Germany,15,17,30,32,61 In the Netherlands, where the looper has never attained pest status, the population dynamics and general biology have been intensively studied.10,20,37,38 The pine looper was not known as a pest in Britain until 1953, when larvae totally defoliated 40 ha of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) at Cannock Chase, Staffordshire. Subsequent secondary infestations by the bark beetle, Tomicus piniperda Linnaeus, resulted in death of the trees.11 Since then, pupal samples have been taken annually in some 50 different Forestry Commission pine areas. Seven subsequent outbreaks on five different sites have been treated with insecticides. High populations have also been found in plantations of Corsican pine (Pinus nigra) and lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta). This chapter describes the dynamics of populations in Britain, but makes frequent reference to studies in Germany and the Netherlands.


Host Tree Population Cycle Pupal Weight Tussock Moth Canadian Lynx 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Barbour
    • 1
  1. 1.Forest Research StationBritish Forestry CommissionSurreyEngland

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