The Pine Beauty in Scottish Lodgepole Pine Plantations

  • Allan D. Watt
  • Simon R. Leather
Part of the Population Ecology book series (POPE)


The pine beauty moth, Panolis flammea Denis and Schiffermuller (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is a pest of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) in Scotland. This indigenous species has a widespread distribution throughout the United Kingdom and Europe on its natural host plant, Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). In the British Isles, very low densities of P. flammea are normally found in Scots pine plantations, the average density being about 0.1 pupae m −2, and densities above 0.3 pupae m −2 being rare.6 However, serious outbreaks have been recorded on Scots pine in central Europe from 1810 onward,20 and it is thought likely that P. flammea was the pest responsible for serious damage in Nurnberg during 1449–1450.9 Pine beauty moth outbreaks have also occurred on Scots pine in Sweden,29 Norway,4 and Finland.35


Natural Enemy Intraspecific Competition Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus Highland Region Forestry Commission 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allan D. Watt
    • 1
  • Simon R. Leather
    • 2
  1. 1.Natural Environment Research Council, Institute of Terrestrial EcologyEdinburgh Research StationPenicuik, MidlothianScotland
  2. 2.Forestry CommissionNorthern Research StationRoslin, MidlothianScotland

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