Dominant Attitudes of Adult Children of Holocaust Survivors toward Their Parents

  • Fran Klein-Parker
Part of the The Springer Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


Reported here are the results of a heuristic-phenomenological study exploring the experience of adult children of Holocaust survivors. Participants in this study included 25 women and 14 men, age 24 to 34, who were born within 10 years of their parents’ liberation. Of the 39 participants, 34 had two survivor parents, whereas the other 5 had a parent who escaped to Russia or Israel for the duration of the Holocaust.


Adult Child Dominant Attitude Survivor Parent Survivor Network Parental Expectation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aleksandrowicz, D. (1973). Children of concentration camp survivors. In E. J. Anthony & C. Koupernik (Eds.), The child in his family: The impact of disease and death (Vol. 2, pp. 385–394). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  2. Axelrod, S., Schnipper, O. C., & Rau, J. H. (1980). Hospitalized offspring of Holocaust survivors. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 44(10), 1–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Barocas, H. A., & Barocas, C. B. (1979). Wounds of the fathers: The next generation of Holocaust victims. International Review of Psychoanalysis, 6, 331–340.Google Scholar
  4. Bergman, M. S., & Jucovy, M. E. (Eds.). (1982). Generations of the Holocaust. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  5. Danieli, Y. (1979). Children of Holocaust survivors. Paper presented at the meeting of the National Jewish Conference Center.Google Scholar
  6. Danieli, Y. (1981). Families of survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: Some short and some long term effects. In Milgram, N. (Ed.), Psychological stress and adjustment in time of war and peace (pp. 405–421). New York: McGraw Hill/Hemisphere.Google Scholar
  7. Dimsdale, J. E. (Ed.). (1980). Survivors, victims and perpetrators. New York: Hemisphere Publishing Corporation.Google Scholar
  8. Epstein, H. (1979). Children of the Holocaust—are the traumas of the parents visited on the children? The National Jewish Monthly, April, 14-21.Google Scholar
  9. Fogelman, E., & Savran, B. (1979). Therapeutic group for children of Holocaust survivors. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 29(2), 211–235.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Gay, M. (1972). Children of ex-concentration camp inmates. In L. Miller (Ed.), Mental health in rapid social change (pp. 337–338). Jerusalem: Jerusalem Academic Press.Google Scholar
  11. Kestenberg, J. S. (1972). Psychoanalytic contributions to the problems of children of survivors from Nazi persecution. Israel Annals of Psychiatry and Related Discipline, 10(4), 311–323.Google Scholar
  12. Klein, H. (1971). Families of Holocaust survivors in the Kibbutz: Psychological studies. In H. Krystal & W. Niederland (Eds.), Psychic traumatization: Aftereffects in individuals and communities (pp. 67–93). New York: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  13. Krell, R. (1984). Holocaust survivors and their children: Comments on psychiatric consequences and psychiatric terminology. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 25(5), 521–528.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Krystal, H. (Ed.). (1968). Massive psychic trauma. New York: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  15. Leon, G., Bethcher, J., Kleinman, M., Goldberg, A., & Almagot, M. (1981). Survivors of the Holocaust and their children: Current status and adjustment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 503–516.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Matussek, P. (1975). Internment in concentration camp and its consequences. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Niederland, W. G. (1965). Psychiatric disorders among persecution victims: A contribution to the understanding of concentration camp pathology and its aftereffects. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 139, 458–474.Google Scholar
  18. Pilcz, M. (1979). Understanding the survivor family: An acknowledgement of the positive dimensions of the Holocaust legacy. In L. Y. Steinitz & D. M. Szonyi (Eds.), Living after the Holocaust: Reflections by the post-war generation in America (rev. ed., pp. 157–167). New York: Block Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  19. Prince, R. M. (1975). Prehistorical themes in the lives of young adult children of concentration camp survivors. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms.Google Scholar
  20. Russell, A. (1974). Late psycho-social consequences in concentration camp survivor families. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 44(4), 611–619.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rustin, S. (1980). The legacy of loss. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 11(1), 32–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sigal, J. J., Silver, D., Rakoff, V., & Ellin, B. (1973). Some second generation effects of survival of the Nazi persecution. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 43(3), 320–327.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Solkoff, N. (1981). Children of survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: A critical review of the literature. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 51(1), 29–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Trachtenberg, M., & Davis, M. (1978). Breaking silence: Serving children of Holocaust survivors. Journal of Jewish Communal Service 54, 293–302.Google Scholar
  25. Wittenberg, C. K. (1978). Children of Nazi victims seen as “marked” by stress. Psychiatric News, August 4, pp. 34-38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fran Klein-Parker
    • 1
  1. 1.Comprehensive Psychiatric Services at SouthfieldSouthfieldUSA

Personalised recommendations