Diagnosis and Phase-Oriented Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Charles R. Marmar
  • Mardi J. Horowitz
Part of the The Springer Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


During the past decade, there has been increasing research and clinical interest in the diagnostic entity of post-traumatic stress disorder. A number of factors have contributed to interest in the phenomenology of traumatic reactions to stress. Publication of the DSM-III criteria for this disorder (American Psychiatric Association Press, 1980), systematic studies of the long-term consequences of exposure to traumatic events in war (Egendorf, Kadushin, Laufer, Rothbart, & Sloan, 1981; Figley, 1978; Laufer, Yager, Frey-Wouters, & Doneallan, 1981; Sonnenberg, Blank, & Talbot, 1985; Wilson, 1987), advances in the understanding and treatment of stress disorders in civilian populations (Horowitz, 1986; Horowitz, Marmar, Weiss, DeWitt, & Rosenbaum, 1984; Marmar, Horowitz, Weiss, Wilner, & Kaltreider, 1988), research on the effects of psychic trauma in children (Frederick, 1984; Terr, 1983), and advances in the measurement of post-traumatic stress disorder (Keane, Malloy, & Fairbank, 1984; Horowitz, Wilner, & Alvarez, 1979; Malloy, Fairbank, & Keane, 1983; Weiss, Horowitz, & Wilner, 1984; Wilson & Krauss, 1985) have stimulated further inquiry.


Traumatic Event Concentration Camp Personality Style Vietnam Veteran Traumatic Life Event 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles R. Marmar
    • 1
  • Mardi J. Horowitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for the Study of Neuroses, Department of Psychiatry, Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric InstituteUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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