Phytoplankton Ecology of the Western Arabian Gulf (Persian Gulf)
An ecological study of the phytoplankton of the western Arabian Gulf was conducted between May 1985 and April 1988. Fourteen shallow-water stations were occupied, with depths not exceeding 25 m. Temperature varies between 16.6°C during February and 35.5°C during August. Two salinity regimes were observed in the western Gulf. The northern and middle regions have salinity values around 43°/∞, while the southern region, primarily in the semi-enclosed Bay of Salwah, is characterized by higher salinity (around 55°/∞).