Advances in Understanding Phytoplankton Fluorescence and Photosynthesis

  • Dale A. Kiefer
  • Rick A. Reynolds
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 43)

Abstract

Significant technological and scientific advances were made during the last decade in the measurement of fluorescence from the photosynthetic pigments of natural marine populations of phytoplankton and cyanobacteria. Field studies have begun to employ a diverse array of fluorescence sensors. Airborne Lidar has been used to obtain synoptic, one-dimensional transects of the concentration of chlorophyll a and phycoerythrin. Towed fluorometers have provided rapid, two-dimensional transects of the distribution of chlorophyll a. Moored active and passive fluorometers have given continuous, long-term records of the concentration of chlorophyll with unprecedented temporal detail. Flow cytometers have measured the fluorescence and scattering cross-sections of individual cells. As conventional spectrofluorometers provided fluorescence excitation and emission spectra for entire assemblages of cells and particles, microspectrophotometers provided such data for individual cells.

Keywords

Quantum Yield Reaction Center Nonphotochemical Quenching Variable Fluorescence Photochemical Quenching 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Butler, W. L., and Kitajima, M., 1975, Fluorescence quenching in Photosystem II of chloroplasts, Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 376:116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Butler, W. L., 1978, Energy distribution in the photochemical apparatus of photosynthesis, Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol., 29:345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chamberlin, W. S., Booth, C. R., Murphy, R. C., Morrow, J. H., and Kiefer, D. A., 1990, Evidence for a simple relationship between natural fluorescence and photosynthesis in the Sea, Deep-Sea Res., 37(6): 951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Demmig-Adams, B., 1990, Carotenoids and photoprotection in plants: A role for the xanthophyll zeaxanthin, Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 1020:1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Falkowski, P. G., and Kiefer, D. A., 1985, Chlorophyll a fluorescence in phytoplankton: Relationship to photosynthesis and biomass, J. Plankton Res., 7(5):715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Falkowski, P. G., and Kolber, Z., 1990, Current Research in Photosynthesis IV, M. Baltscheffsky, ed., Kluwer, London.Google Scholar
  7. Falkowski, P. G., Wyman, K., Ley, A. C., and Mauzerall, D. C., 1986, Relationship of steady state photosynthesis to fluorescence in eucaryotic algae, Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 849:183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Falkowski, P. G., Ziemann, D., Kolber, Z., and Bienfang, P. K., 1991, Role of eddy pumping in enhancing primary production in the ocean, Nature, 352:55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Genty, B., Briantais J. M., and Baker, N. R., 1989, The relationship between the quantum yield of photosynthetic electron transport and quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence, Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 990:87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Genty, B., Harbinson, J., Briantais, J. M., and Baker, N. R., 1990, The relationship between non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence and the rate of photosystem 2 photochemistry in leaves, Photosynth. Res., 25:249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Horton, P., and Hague, A., 1988, Studies on the induction of chlorophyll fluorescence in isolated barley protoplasts. IV. Resolution of non-photochemical quenching. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 932:107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jassby, A. D., and Platt, T., 1976, Mathematical formulation of the relationship between photosynthesis and light for phytoplankton, Limnol. Oceanogr., 21(4):540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kiefer, D. A., 1973a, Fluorescence properties of natural phytoplankton populations. Mar. Biol., 23:263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kiefer, D. A., 1973b, Chlorophyll a fluorescence in marine centric diatoms: Responses of chloroplasts to light and nutrient stress. Mar. Biol., 23:39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kiefer, D. A., Chamberlin, W. S., and Booth, C. R., 1989, Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: Relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western south pacific gyre, Limnol. Oceanogr., 34(5):868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kolber, Z., Wyman, K. D., and Falkowski, P. G., 1990, Natural variability in photosynthetic energy conversion efficiency: A field study in the Gulf of Maine, Limnol. Oceanogr., 35(1): 72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kolber, Z., Zehr, J., and Falkowski, P. G., 1988, Effects of growth irradiance and nitrogen limitation on photosynthetic energy conversion in photosystem II, Plant Physiol., 88:923.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kok, B., 1952, On the efficiency of Chlorella growth, Acta Bot. Neerl., I: 445.Google Scholar
  19. Lorenzen, C. J., 1966, A method for the continuous measurement of in vivo chlorophyll concentration, Deep-Sea Res., 13:223.Google Scholar
  20. Mitchell, B. G., and Kiefer, D. A., 1988, Chlorophyll a specific absorption and fluorescence excitation spectra for light-limited phytoplankton, Deep Sea Res., 35(5):639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Neale, P. J., 1987, Algal photoinhibition and photosynthesis in the aquatic environment, in:, “Photoinhibition,” D. Kyle, C.B. Osmond, and C.J. Arntzen, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  22. Owens, T. G., 1991, Energy transformation and fluorescence inphotosynthesis, NATO-Advanced Study Insitute Workshop Series, in press.Google Scholar
  23. Rees, D., Noctor, G. D., and Horton, P., 1990, The effect of high energy-state excitation quenching on maximum and dark level chlorophyll fluorescence yield, Photosynth. Res., 25:199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sakshaug, E., Johnsen, G., Andresen, K., and Vernet, M., 1991, Modeling of light-dependent algal photosynthesis and growth: Experiments with the Barents Sea diatoms Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii and ChaeotocerosfUrcellatus, Deep-Sea Res., 38(4):415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schatz, G. H., Brock, H., and Holzwarth, A. R., 1988, Kinetic and energetic model for the primary processes in Photosystem II, Biophys. J., 54:397.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Weis, E., and Berry, 1987, Quantum efficiency of Photosystem II in relation to “energy”-dependent quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence, Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 894:198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dale A. Kiefer
    • 1
  • Rick A. Reynolds
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Southern CaliforniaUniversity Park, Los AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations