Emotion in the Change Process

  • Leslie S. Greenberg
  • René H. Rhodes
Part of the The Springer Series in Social / Clinical Psychology book series (SSSC)


Emotion is involved in change in a variety of ways. Greenberg and Safran (1989) have delineated a number of ways in which emotions are involved in the therapeutic change process. These are:
  1. 1.

    Acknowledging previously unacknowledged emotion provides information that enhances orientation and problem solving.

  2. 2.

    Evoking emotion to motivate action. Thus anger organizes us for fight, fear, or flight.

  3. 3.

    Emotional restructuring. This involves accessing and changing affective-cognitive schematic structures that are involved in the construction of the emotional meaning in our lives.

  4. 4.

    Evoking emotion in order to access state-dependent core beliefs or “hot cognitions.”

  5. 5.

    The modification of expressive-motor and physiological aspects of maladaptive emotional responses as in phobias.



Change Process Emotional Expression Emotional Experience Action Tendency Motivational Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie S. Greenberg
    • 1
  • René H. Rhodes
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyYork UniversityNorth YorkCanada
  2. 2.Program in Clinical PsychologyTeachers CollegeNew YorkUSA

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