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Micelles pp 41-96 | Cite as

Micelle Formation

  • Yoshikiyo Moroi

Abstract

One of the most characteristic properties of amphiphilic molecules is their capacity to aggregate in solutions. The aggregation process depends, of course, on the amphiphilic species and the condition of the system in which they are dissolved. The abrupt change in many physicochemical properties seen in aqueous solutions of amphiphilic molecules or surfactants with long hydrophobic chains when a specific concentration is exceeded is attributed to the formation of oriented colloidal aggregates. The narrow concentration range over which these changes occur has been called the critical micelle concentration (CMC),1–3 and the molecular aggregates that form above the CMC area are known as micelles. The difference between micellar colloids and other colloids is that micellar colloids are in dynamic equilibrium with monomers in the solution (see Section 4.7).

Keywords

Critical Micelle Concentration Surfactant Concentration Nonionic Surfactant Micelle Formation Ionic Surfactant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshikiyo Moroi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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