The Role of Cardiovascular Reactivity in Hypertension Risk

  • William R. Lovallo
  • Michael F. Wilson
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)


The purpose of this chapter is to describe the occurrence of cardiovascular hyperactivity in the prehypertensive state. In doing so, we will focus on studies of persons having a parental history of hypertension or who are borderline hypertensive. This discussion will examine interactions between behavioral challenges, cardiovascular reactivity, and hypertension risk. We also will present a model of hypertension in Chapter 14 that emphasizes cardiovascular hyperreactivity along with genetic risk of hypertension as factors leading to development of the disorder. Chapter 7 addressed racial differences in cardiovascular reactivity. Our goal is to evaluate the possibility that behavioral factors may influence the development of hypertension.


Cardiovascular Response Mental Stress Blood Pressure Response Cold Pressor Cardiovascular Reactivity 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. Lovallo
    • 1
  • Michael F. Wilson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, and Veterans Affairs Medical CenterOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, and Veterans Affairs Medical CenterOklahoma CityUSA

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