The Role of Reproductive Hormones in Cardiovascular and Neuroendocrine Function during Behavioral Stress

  • Catherine M. Stoney
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)


The role of reproductive hormones—both male and female—in the development and progression of coronary heart disease has been studied by epidemiologists for many years, yet discrepancies in the epidemiological literature are widespread, no doubt due to the complexities of the human reproductive system itself. Despite the discrepancies, there is significant evidence that endogenous ovarian hormones—most likely the estrogens—serve a cardioprotective role for women. In some cases, and in small doses, certain exogenous estrogens might also be protective against heart disease. There is little doubt that both endogenous and exogenous reproductive hormones play a complicated role in modulating the risk of coronary heart disease.


Menstrual Cycle Follicular Phase Estrogen Replacement Therapy Psychosomatic Medicine Reproductive Hormone 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine M. Stoney
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Behavioral MedicineThe Miriam Hospital and Brown University School of MedicineProvidenceUSA

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