Assessment and Prioritization of Actions to Prevent and Control Reproductive Tract Infections in the Third World

  • Allan Ronald
  • Sevgi O. Aral
Part of the Reproductive Biology book series (RBIO)


The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 200 million reproductive tract infections (RTIs) due to sexually transmitted pathogens occur each year among women in developing countries. Some 3–5 million women are seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in developing countries, millions have unsafe abortions that result in infections, and each year, uncounted numbers incur infection because of inadequately performed family planning, prenatal, delivery, and postnatal services. About 500,000 women die of pregnancy-related causes,1 primarily infections. Despite the immensity of these problems and their significance to the health of women and their offspring, RTIs have received low priority in most developing countries. However, the HIV epidemic and the recognition of preventable morbidity and mortality associated with pregnancy and contraception have recently drawn attention to RTIs as an important area for interventions.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Health Care Provider Family Planning Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Sexual Health 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allan Ronald
    • 1
  • Sevgi O. Aral
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineHealth Science CentreWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Division of STD/HIV PreventionCenters for Disease ControlAtlantaUSA

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