The Future of Psychiatric Research

The Need for a Conceptual Agenda
  • Mark D. Sullivan
  • Gary J. Tucker
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)


The psychiatrist and philosopher Karl Jaspers has described four types of science:

the physical, biological, psychological, and mind sciences—as exhausting the content of all existents... in each of the four realms, actuality has a different mode of objectiveness; and the actualities mesh. Physics (together with chemistry) is relatively an internally coherent field of study. So is biology, although the coherence is due to its relation to the exact natural sciences, on which it draws at each step while its own roots remain obscure. Psychology is far more questionable; in fact, it strays into the realms of life and the mind, or else it poses as a universal science. Mind science, finally, is actual only as a multiplicity resulting from research into the documents, works, deeds or institutions of Man; by no means has it produced a kind of unity we see in physics and biology. It is the arena for the battles of differing world views, battles which decide, radically and without appeal, about the meaning and value of proposed inquiries and modes of research. (Jaspers cited in Ehrlich, Ehrlich, & Pepper, 1986, p. 360)


Human Behavior Human Nature Inclusive Fitness Psychiatric Research Behavioral Category 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark D. Sullivan
    • 1
  • Gary J. Tucker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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