Sex and Gender

  • Janet R. Matthews
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


The terms sex and gender are difficult to separate in much of the literature. Unger (1979) suggested that the term sex had been used to cover too wide a range of conditions. She recommended use of the term gender for “those nonphysiological components of sex that are culturally regarded as appropriate to males or to females” (Unger, 1979, p. 1086). She also noted that it is important for researchers to be careful when stating that observed “sex” differences lead to “gender” differences without examining differences in the environment and socialization processes of the subjects. As environmental and socialization differences are seldom cited in the research articles used in this chapter, only the term sex will tend to be used.


Spatial Ability Unilateral Lesion Neuropsychological Test Performance Symbol Digit Modality Tactual Performance 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janet R. Matthews
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLoyola UniversityNew OrleansUSA

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