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The Modern View of Reality

  • John P. van Gigch

Abstract

The models upon which research and education in many of the social sciences are built assume the primacy of quantitative methods in decision making. Furthermore, they are based on assumptions that are probably obsolete or that have suffered drastic change in the last 100 years. In general, these assumptions are based on an epistemology that is (1) positivistic, (2) mechanistic, and (3) reductionist. By this we mean the following:
  1. 1.

    Positivistic refers to a school of thought, popular in the late 19th century, which assumed that, given time, science would solve all major riddles and would provide society with the key well-being for all

     
  2. 2.

    Mechanistic means that most phenomena are machine-like artifacts (see Glossary) devoid of biological and behavioral attributes.

     
  3. 3.

    Reductionist is associated with the mechanistic view, according to which problems can be solved by breaking down (analyzing) systems into their component parts, much as a machine is disassembled for repair.

     

Keywords

System Science Physical Science Modern Physic Modern View Mechanistic View 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • John P. van Gigch
    • 1
  1. 1.California State UniversitySacramentoUSA

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