Speech Decoding and Transcripts

  • Harry Hollien
Part of the Applied Psycholinguistics and Communication Disorders book series (APCD)


As you will see, this chapter is a natural continuation of the preceding one. That is, the processing techniques described in Chapter 6 were presented in order that you could better understand (1) how speech on a noisy or distorted tape recording is processed for improved message intelligibility and (2) how speech enhancement techniques can be used in support of speech decoding. Thus, the materials contained in this chapter will overlap with those found in Chapter 6. They will focus on methods that can be used to decode heard speech and convert it to a reasonably accurate and complete written copy or transcript. Please remember that, in this chapter, we are considering the decoding of materials that have been degraded in some manner (sometimes quite seriously) and not simply the secretarial process of transferring ordinary spoken dialogue into text. That process is itself difficult, but it is not nearly as challenging as those to be described here.


Tape Recording Cortical Level Decode Process Speech Enhancement Lexical Stress 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aull, A. M. and Zue, V. W. (1985) Lexical Stress Determination and Its Application to Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition, IEEE-ICASSP CH218:1549–1552.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bolinger, D. L. (1958) A Theory of Pitch Accent in English, Word 14:109–149.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bolinger, D. and Sears, D. A. (1981) Aspects of Language, 3rd. ed., New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Broadbent, D. E. (1954) The Role of Auditory Localization in Attention and Memory Span, Psychology 47:191–196.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carhart, Raymond (1967) Binaural Reception of Meaningful Material, in Sensorineural Hearing Processes and Disorders, (A. B. Graham, Ed.), Boston, Little, Brown, 153–168.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cutler, A. and Foss, D. J. (1977) On the Role of Sentence Stress in Sentence Processing, Lang., Speech 20:1–10.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fonagy, I. (1966) Electrophysiological and Acoustic Correlates of Stress and Stress Perception, J. Speech, Hear Res. 9:231–244.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Francis, W. N. (1977) International Colloquium on Automatic Dialect Mapping: A Report, Computers and the Humanities 11:339–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fry, D. B. (1955) Duration and Intensity as the Physical Correlates of Lingusitic Stress, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 27:765–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fry, D. B. (1958) Experiments in the Perception of Stress Lang., Speech 1:126–152.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hirsh, I. (1950) The Relation Between Localization and Intelligibility, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 22:196–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hollien, H. (1980) Vocal Indicators of Psychological Stress, in Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry (F. Wright, C. Bahn and R. Rieber, Eds.), New York, New York Academy of Sciences, 47–72.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hollien, H. and Fitzgerald, James T. (1977) Speech Enchancement Techniques for Crime Lab Use, Proceed Internat. Confer. Crime Countermeasures, Oxford, UK, 21-29.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hollien, H., Geisson, L. and Hicks, J. W., Jr. (1987) Data on Psychological Stress Evaluators and Voice Lie Detection J. Forensic Sciences 32:405–418.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hollien, P. A. (1983) Utilization of Blind Decoders in Phonetics, Abst., 10th Inter. Cong. Phonetic Sciences (A. Cohen and M. Broecke, Eds.), Dordrecht, Holland, Foris Publications, 532.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hollien, P. A. (1984) An Update on Speech Decoding, Proceed. Inst. Acoustics, Part I: Police Applic. Speech and Tape Record. Analysis, London, 33-40.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Klatt, D. (1977) Review of the DARPA Speech Understanding Project, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 62:1345–1365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lea, W. (1980) Trends in Speech Recognition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lehiste, I. and Peterson, G. E. (1959) Vowel Amplitude and Phonetic Stress in American Speech, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 31:428–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mole, H. and Uhlenbeck, E. M. (1956) The Linguistic Relevance of Intensity in Stress, Lingua 5:205–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Osberger, M. J. (1979) A Comparison Between Procedures Used to Locate Speech Segment Boundaries, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 50:225–228.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Parsons, T. (1976) Seperation of Speech from Interfering Speech by Means of Harmonic Selection, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 60:911–919.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Peterson, G. E. and Lehiste, I. (1960) Duration of Syllable Nuclei in English, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 32:693–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rothman, Howard B. (1977) Decoding Speech from Tape Recordings, Proceed. Carnahan Conf., Crime Countermeasures, Lexington, KY, 63-67.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Taylor, D. S. (1981) Non-Native Speakers and the Rhythm of English. Internat. Rev. Applied Ling. in Language Teach. 19:219–226.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Van Coestsem, F., Hendricks, R. and McCormick, S. (1981) Accent Typology and Sound Change, Lingua 53:293–315.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Warren, R. and Warren, P. (1970) Auditory Illusions and Confusions, Scientific American 223:30–36.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry Hollien
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations